This means ‘disease of the spinal cord’ which is often caused by pressure. There are, however, medical conditions which can cause this. It is a symptom and does not describe the underlying problem. The pressure is usually caused by a slipped disc or other degenerative changes of the bones and ligaments. It can also be caused by infection, tumours or fractures of the spine. Myelopathy can affect the spinal cord at any level but is most common in the neck. It is less common in the thoracic spine unless in spinal metastases.
Pressure on the spinal cord can cause different symptoms. Often, the hands feel clumsy or stiff and patients find it difficult to undo buttons or write. The legs might feel stiff and patients might have frequent falls. Sometimes, spontaneous jerking of the legs can occur. If the pressure continues or increases, the arms and legs become weak. The condition itself usually does not produce pain although patients might have neck pain due to the underlying wear and tear. The symptoms can be very subtle at the beginning and very slowly progressive but can also rapidly occur.